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Internal Medicine

Contact us

Sanofi in Egypt

3, El Massaneh St.
Zietoun, Cairo, Egypt
P.O. 1486

Tel.: +202 22860000 - 22860060/1/2
Fax: +202 2282906 - 22824855

Content :

Internal Medicine

Internal medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of internal diseases, those that affect internal organs or the body as a whole.

 

Very diverse diseases

  • Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Common symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.
  • Infection of the upper airways (sinusitis, amygdalitis/ pharyngitis) or the lower airways (bronchitis, community pneumonia) are the most frequent infectious diseases. The pathogenis agents Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenza are the causes of the most of these infectious diseases.
  • Rheumatiod arthritis is an autoimmune disease which mainly affects the tissues around joints. An immune reaction allows toxic mediators to penetrate the cells, leading to inflammation and granulation of cartilage and bone.

Frequent diseases

  • Asthma is now the most frequent chronic disease in childhood, affecting 1 out of 15 children.
  • Sixth global cause of mortality, community pneumonia is one of the most frequent and serious conditions.
  • Acutesinusitis in adults is also frequent: 1.4 adults in 1,000 every year in the United States.
  • Rheumatiod arthritis is the most frequent chronic inflammatory rheumatoid disorder in adults. It affects between 0.5 and 1% of the population. Onset is generally between 35 and 55 years. It is three to four times more frequent in women.

These diseases are crucial public health issues because they are the principle causes of global mortality. It is for that reason that Sanofi has concentrated its research efforts on those subjects for which the Group has developed world-renowned expertise.

Osteoporosis

A diffuse skeletal disease, characterized by decreased bone mass and changes in the microarchitecture of bone tissue, increasing bone fragility and the risk of fracture.

Respiratory tract infections

Upper respiratory tract infections (RTIs) such as sinusitis, tonsillitis and pharyngitis and lower RTIs such as bronchitis or community- acquired pneumonia are the most common infectious diseases. The pathogens responsible for most of these infections, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, have developed resistance to many antibiotics.

Allergy

Allergy is an excessive reaction or hypersensitivity of the body’s immune system to certain specific substances (allergens) such as pollen, molds, house dust mites, animal fur/dander and insect stings. When an allergic subject is exposed to a specific allergen, the immune system produces antibodies (IgE or immunoglobulin E antibodies). This inflammatory reaction produces a number of symptoms: sneezing, stuffy nose, cough, watery eyes, itching skin or rash.

Hemorrhoids (Piles)

Patients commonly present to a physician for two reasons: bleeding and protrusion. Pain is less common than with fissures and, if present, is described as a dull ache from engorgement of the hemorrhoidal tissue. Hemorrhoidal bleeding is described as bright red blood seen either in the toilet or upon wiping.

Urinary Tract Infections

Acute infections of the urinary tract can be subdivided into two general anatomic categories: lower tract infection (urethritis and cystitis) and upper tract infection (acute pyelonephritis, prostatitis, and intrarenal and perinephric abscesses). Infections at these various sites may occur together or independently.

Indigestion

The most common causes of indigestion are gastroesophageal acid reflux and functional dyspepsia. Other cases are a consequence of a more serious organic illness.

Gastroesophageal Acid Reflux

Reduced lower esophageal sphincter (LES) tone is an important cause of reflux in pregnancy and scleroderma and may also be a factor in patients without other systemic conditions. Many individuals show frequent transient LES relaxations, during which acid bathes the esophagus. Overeating and aerophagia can transiently override the barrier function of the LES, whereas impaired esophageal body motility and reduced salivary secretion prolong acid exposure.

Acute Infectious Diarrhea

Ranging from mild annoyances during vacations to devastating dehydrating illnesses that can kill within hours, acute gastrointestinal illnesses rank second only to acute upper respiratory illnesses as the most common diseases worldwide.

Updated March 02, 2015